what are vitamins-Types of vitamins and their functions-What are vitamins in food-Sources of vitamins

what are vitamins

  1. organic compounds
  2. inorganic compounds
  3. living organisms
  4. none of these

answer (i) organic compounds

For the first time in the year 1992, scientist Casimir Funk used the word vitamin. Vitamins are complex organic compounds that are essential for the proper functioning of the body’s metabolic functions.  Vitamins are not synthesized in the body so they are taken in through food. Vitamins are also helpful diet 

It was discovered by Lulin

Vitamin name given by Casimir Funk

Vitamin theory given by Hopkins and Funk

Vitamins Organic compounds It helps in the regulation of our metabolism and keeps us away from diseases.

Vitamins are of 2 types on the basis of solubility 

fat soluble vitamins

Vitamin A,D,E,K

water soluble vitamins

[Vitamin B,C,P]

Types of vitamins and their functions

Vitamin C more sensitive to heat

Vitamin A, C and Antioxidant Functions Similar to Vitamins

Vitamins B1, B6, B12 essential for the development of the nervous system

Vitamin B17 with anti-cancer properties small in wheat leaves

fat soluble vitamins

Vitamin-A

chemical name retinol

Other Name– Anti-Zero-Gyroflamic Vitamin

Function – Vitamin prevents the deposition of keratin in the eyes, essential for eyesight

Deficiency diseases – night blindness, xiraphlemic, keratomalacia

Source – Carrot, Mango, Papaya, Tomato, Cod- Liver oil (from fish)
Note– (B) carotenes form vitamin A
.
It is also called anti-A vitamin

Vitamin D

Chemical Name – Calciferol

Other names – Sunshine Vitamin Antirheumatic Vitamin

Functions – Helps in the absorption of calcium phosphorus in the intestines, needed for strong bones

Vitamin D

Chemical Name – Calciferol

Other names – Sunshine Vitamin Antirheumatic Vitamin

Functions – Helps in the absorption of calcium phosphorus in the intestines, needed for strong bones

Shortage

Rickets disease in children

osteomalacia disease in adults

Note– Vitamin D is produced in the skin in the presence of sunlight.

Source – Fishing Sunlight

Rickets disease in children

osteomalacia disease in adults

Note- Vitamin D is produced in the skin in the presence of sunlight.

Source – Fishing Sunlight

Vitamin E

Chemical Name– Tocopherol

Other names – Vitamins of beauty Antislerty sterility vitamins

Function – coupler manufacturing

sperm in male

egg female

Aids in the formation of RBCs as an antioxidant

Deficiency of Vitamin (E) – Reduced ability of sterility (infertility) Deficiency of RBC
Source: Wheat Leaves Leafy Vegetables Sprouted Grains

Vitamin-K

Chemical name – phylloquinone

Other names– naphthoquinone menaquinone menadione antihemorrhagicquinone

Function – Helps in clotting of blood in case of injury. This liver produces prothrombin

Deficiency– Affected blood clotting

Source – Sprouted Wheat Vegetable Oil Helps to build bacteria in the intestines

Note – Acts similar to D hormone

water soluble vitamins

Vitamin B1

Chemical Name– Chiamin

Functions – Helps in the production of vitamin B3 necessary for the functioning of the nervous system, aids in metabolic activities

Deficiency – Beri Beri Disease Neuritis Vereinck Kosokoff (Alcohol intake + B1 deficiency)

Source– Whole Grains Eggs Fish Sprouted Grains

Vitamin B2

Chemical Name: Riboflavin (Yellow Vitamin)

Other names – Lactophlebin Vitamin – G

B2 deficiency disease

Kiliosis – chapped lips

Glossitis – blisters on the tongue

Keratitis – dry and cracking of the cheeks

Vitamin B3

Chemical name – niacin or nicotic acid

B3 deficiency disease

 

Pellagra disease

(1) White spots on the skin (in the palms) Dermatitis

(2) Vomiting diarrhea Diarrhea

(3) a decrease in memory dementia

Source- Meat Fish Potato Tomato Leaf Vegetables

Vitamin B5

Chemical name– Pantothenic acid

Deficiency diseases Burning in the feet Hair loss Retardation Hair whitening

Source – Milk Cheese Egg Yeast (Fungus) Green Vegetables

Note – These three vitamins B2, B3, B5, help in breathing.

It is also helpful in all three vitamins Upadhyay.

Vitamin B6

Chemical Name-Pyrideoxygen

Function – Aids in protein metabolism

Deficiency- low weight loss hair loss anemia skin diseases

Source Meat Egg Milk Green Leafy Vegetables

Vitamin B7

Chemical Name– Biotin Vitamin-H

Functions related to Upadhyaya of all three carbohydrates and proteins

Deficiency– Dermatitis Skin Infection Paralysis Body Pain

Source: Egg Milk Cheese Fish

Vitamin B9

Chemical Name – Folate Folic Acid Vitamin – M

Functions – and helps in the maturation of RBCs

Deficiency – Immature excess these RBCs too large in size (megaloblastic anemia) Mouth ulcers

source yeast whole grains

Vitamin B12

Chemical name – cyanocobalamin cobalt (CO) is found in it

Function – RBC formation also helpful in DNA formation

Deficiency– Pernicious Anemia Pandurog

Source – Egg meat liver Spirulina Algae

what are vitamins

Vitamin C

Chemical Name– Ascorbic Acid Anti Scurvy Vitamin

Function – Growth of the gums of the teeth, the formation of antibodies

Deficiency – scurvy disease gingivitis

Source – Citrus Fruits Seasonal Lemon Orange Guava Chili /Spics

what are vitamins

Vitamin -P

Chemical Name– Hesperidin

Work – This blood is necessary for the dear friend and strength of Niliks.

Source – Citrus Fruits

what are vitamins

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