the meaning of sovereignty
Different scholars of political science have expressed different views regarding sovereignty, Bryce states that the English synonym of sovereignty is derived from the Latin word which means supreme power, so from the etymological point of view of the word, sovereignty means the supreme authority of the state. Power is the supreme power is that which is not controlled by any other power, on this basis Jelonic said that sovereignty is a characteristic of the state on the basis of which it cannot be limited by any other power other than its will. It is unlimited and independent from both external and external point of view of power.
Types of sovereignty
1. Real and nominal sovereignty – If the real power is in the hands of the head officer of the state. So he is called the real ruler. For example, in India and England, the prime minister and cabinet are the real rulers. If the head of the state was ‘ceremonial’ or nominally ruling, then he would be a nominal President and the Emperor of England only in this inter-parliamentary form of sovereignty in a nominally ruling system.
2) Legal and Real Sovereignty – The legal authority should be regular and just from the point of view of the constitution. If it is based on power, then we will call him the real ruling person. One can be both. The President of India is such a ruler. By law and in reality he is the ruler of his country. On the contrary, one can be legal and the other is reality. In 1917, the communist government in Russia was considered to be the only real authority, but the sovereignty was considered to be that of the Tsar king. The real ruler gets his legal position over the people. In Russia, when the communist government was accepted as the ruling house.
(3) Legal Sovereignty – The authority which has the highest power to make and enforce laws within a state, legal and legal sovereign is that which is accepted by the court. The names of Joe Hobbes, Bentham, Austin etc. are notable among the followers of this approach. In their opinion, sovereignty should be directly vested in the group of individuals and in the state whose right to make laws will be accepted as sovereign in the eyes of law.
(4) Political Sovereignty – The powers to influence the legal authority. called political sovereignty. Some scholars are of the opinion that sovereignty from political point of view. The people are vested in the group which is also the owner of the legal sovereign and with whose support only the legal. The sovereign gets his place and power. For example, in Britain the legal sovereign is the parliament there, but the political sovereign is the people there because that is what constitutes the parliament.
(5) Public sovereignty – Public sovereignt means – sovereignt of the people. In democratic states, the sovereignt is ultimately vested in the people and the people are considered paramount. The word ‘people’ is ambiguous, so the sovereignt of the people is embodied in the electorate or electorate. The principle of public sovereignt was propounded by Marcilio and William. Garner K. According to, “Popular sovereignt means no more suffering than the power of the majority of the electorate.”