Meaning of justice- What is justice meaning – What is justice in ethics

Meaning of justice

Meaning and definitions of justice

Justice in English is called Justice. The word Justice of English is ‘Jus’ of Latin language. (Jus) is composed of. It means to join or ‘to combine’. It is clear from this that the meaning of justice is taken by adding or combining. Now the question is, what is the object or function of justice to join or combine. The object or function of justice is to unite the mutual relations of individuals as a unit of society. It is clear from this that the concept of justice is a social concept. Because of the social cohesion in it, we call it social justice. On this basis we can define justice as follows

“Justice is the name of the social condition in which the mutual relations of individuals are properly arranged with the aim of maintaining harmony in the rights of individuals as a unit of organized society.

Justice has great importance in social life. Social life operates on the basis of justice. In ancient times, justice was seen in the moral sense, whereas in the modern age, justice is associated with social. Justice involves both development of the individual and social welfare. Some of the definitions of justice are as follows


  1. According to Merriam, “the judicial system is given to those beliefs and procedures that society generally considers appropriate.”

  2. According to Barker, “The judicial system is concerned with the principle that regulates the distribution of rights among individuals and among them.”

  3. According to D.C. Raphael, “Justice is that condition in which the rights of the individual are protected and order is also maintained in the society.”

  4. According to Salmond, “Justice means giving to every man his right.”

  5. According to Mill, “Justice is the name of the moral law which relates to the concepts of human welfare and is therefore more important than any other law for the guidance of life.”

  6. According to Herbert Spencer, “Justice is the basis of the existence of the powerful.” It is clear from the above discussion that justice is the liberty of the individual and his rights. Protects, establishes harmony between individual interest and social welfare, treats individuals equally. Justice does not deprive treatment of justice without any special reason.

  7. Types of justice

There are many aspects to a person’s life. For example, natural, social, political, economic etc. He needs justice in all these areas. It is clear from this that the domain of justice is – The different forms or types of justice are as follows

(1) Natural Justice – Giving freedom to a person to do his life or life according to his nature is natural justice. Now the question is whether the person has a husband? That is, what is his natural freedom? Prakriti means the nature of man i.e. his innate powers and talents. Therefore, the freedom which is necessary for the development of these natural qualities of man, that is the natural freedom. Indian philosophers have called this Swadharma. They mean that man should act according to his innate qualities and abilities, that is, to follow the internal rules of his life, this is Swadharma or natural freedom and the system which gives such freedom to the person. This is natural justice. It is natural equality to give equal opportunity to a person to work according to his innate qualities and nature. That is really natural justice.

(2) Social Justice – Social justice means that every person has equal personality, his place is important. The personality of any individual cannot be taken as a mere instrument of other persons. Therefore, the state of social justice is that in which each individual himself remains an end and does not become a mere means of other people of the society. Its meaning is that there should be no discrimination among citizens on the basis of birth, race, religion, sex, caste, sect etc. in social life and the privileged classes should be abolished in the society. For this ‘before the law’ by the state. It is not enough to declare and provide for ‘equality of all citizens’, but all conditions should be provided so that a social structure based on equality can be established. The main arrangements for achieving social justice should be like this-

  •  To establish a social order based on equality

  •  Arranging for social security – Helping the old, sick, handicapped, women in maternity, orphan children and helping the victims in natural calamities like floods, famines and earthquakes are covered under social security.

  •   Providing civil and political liberties

  •  Eliminating all forms of discrimination

  • To make proper arrangements for education

  •  To take effective steps for health protection.

(3) Political Justice – Aristotle is considered to be the father of political justice. Aristotle. Said that the individual should get his rightful place in the political society. In the modern era, political justice is meant by a fair and fair system of right for the individual to participate in governance. That is, the person should get equal political freedom or rights equally. Political rights are as follows –

  1.  Right to vote or freedom

  2.  Right or freedom to stand at election

  3.   Right or freedom to hold posts according to merit. All these political rights should be received equally and fairly by the citizens, this is called political justice.

(4) Economic justice – to give practical form to economic freedom and equality. A is justice. Economic freedom means that every person has to earn his livelihood. She should get a suitable opportunity and she should get at least such a reward for her labor that she can lead the life of a decent human being, no one should exploit anyone. He should get work according to his ability and get salary according to work, this is called economic freedom. The meaning of economic equality is that when the minimum necessities of life are not available to the citizens, then only people should not have the right to live a life of luxury, so the organization of economic life should be in such a way that every human being, first of all, needs Financial resources should be available for physical. Providing special facilities to persons doing special service to the society also comes under economic justice.

fundamentals of justice

(1) Defense of Freedom – The main feature of justice is to protect liberty, but the protection of liberty does not mean that by considering liberty as freedom, justice should recognize arbitrariness. Proper control over the wrong is also a sign of justice. Without control, freedom cannot be safe, because in an atmosphere of freedom only strong people will be able to enjoy freedom, the freedom of the weak will be destroyed. On the other hand, it is unjust to impose restrictions on the freedom of the rulers for their selfishness. Therefore, only reasonable restrictions are in accordance with the spirit of justice.

(2) Social welfare with the development of the individual – Justice does not understand any difference between the interest of the individual and the social welfare, if there will be welfare of the society, then there will be welfare of the individual and the welfare of the society lies in the welfare of the individual. Nyaya gives freedom to the individual to express his views, form a community, assemble, receive education, practice religion on the basis of his conscience. The state can impose restrictions on it in the interest of society.

Meaning of justice

(3) Fair treatment and equality before the law – The importance of justice is fair treatment and he considers everyone equal before the law. Equality before the law means that citizens should have equal status in the field of law, that is, the laws made by the state should be determined equally for all and everyone should have the same rule of law. receive equal protection. Court and criminal law should be same for all. Justice is to give equal rights and respect to all without discriminating against any person on the basis of caste, religion, community, language, gender etc.

Meaning of justice

Fulfillment of the needs of the person – Every person has some basic needs, without their husband, the welfare of the individual and the society is not possible, but basic needs are to get food, clothes, house, health care and education. The basic purpose of justice is to fulfill them. The state which takes effective steps for their fulfillment is considered to be based on welfare and justice.

Meaning of justice

(5) Respect for natural imperative – Nature did not make man equal. Ability and ability are different. Not everyone can do every task. “A person can work according to his capacity and ability. It is unjust to get him to do the work which is beyond his ability and ability. One should not compel a person to do the work.”

Meaning of justice

(6) Helping the oppressed – What is helping the oppressed class. There are such classes in the society like poor, backward, helpless etc. There are some sections in the society who exploit, oppress people for their selfish reasons, therefore it is the duty of the state to help such a victim class, or the state which does not do so, that state is unjust. is called.

Meaning of justice

(7) Truth is the basic foundation of truth-justice. The meaning of truth is to present it as it is. Whatever we think is right, we can get right justice.

Relationship between justice and liberty

There is a close relationship between justice and freedom, freedom is not possible without justice. And justice without freedom has no value.

Meaning of justice

Freedom is based on justice – Freedom is essential for the development of the personality of the individual. Speech and expression of ideas to citizens in democratic countries. Freedom, freedom to assemble peacefully without arms, freedom to form communities and associations, freedom of travel, business and life is given. Political freedoms are also given to the individual in democratic countries, such as voting, standing in elections. Freedom to be, hold government office, etc. Citizens can get all these types of freedoms only then. When there is a system of fair justice. Freedom without justice will prove to be an antelope. For example, all the people of India have been given equal freedom. But a poor, unemployed, helpless road. It is lying on the side, for him to give speeches, to form a union or community, to do business etc. What is the importance of freedom of Because he does not get economic and social justice. Meaning of justice

Meaning of justice

Justice is based on freedom – unless a person has freedom, he can neither develop himself nor be happy. If he gets justice even in the absence of freedom, then it is of no value. We will call that society just, where citizens are free. Justice also believes that freedom should be controlled in the interest of society. Freedom cannot be called freedom. to the person Freedom should be enjoyed in such a way that the freedom of another person is not violated, this is the demand of justice. It is unjust to enjoy freedom by breaking the law. Justice can be preserved only where the individual enjoys real liberty. Therefore, for the establishment of fair justice, proper management on freedom is necessary.Meaning of justice

Meaning of justice

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