Nuclear Energy – Nuclear energy meaning- Nuclear power effects

Nuclear energy meaning

The energy obtained as a result of fission of atomic minerals is called Atomic Power. Electricity is created from this energy. Uranium, thorium, beryllium, antimony, plutonium, zirconium, ilmenite, etc. are the main among these nuclear minerals. It is estimated that one kilogram of uranium produces as much energy as 27000 tons of coal.

Nuclear power in india

Strong efforts have been made in India regarding the use of nuclear or nuclear power for power generation. For this, the Atomic Energy Act was enacted and implemented. Under the stated objectives, it is to use naturally available and high potential elements – uranium and thorium as nuclear fuel in Indian nuclear power reactors.

Atomic power stations are receiving 2.4% of the total power generation in India. Development of nuclear power in India is planned in three phases, in which

1. First stage-pressurized heavy water reactor,

2. Second stage rapid breeder reactor,

3. The third stage is based on the breeder reactor.

Nuclear Energy

Methods of nuclear power generation

1. Nuclear Fission In nuclear fission, a large atom breaks apart and splits into two smaller atoms, thereby releasing energy.

2. Nuclear Fusion In nuclear fusion process, two small atoms combine to form one heavy and large atom, thereby releasing immense energy.

This cannot be controlled by the release of immense energy from nuclear fusion. That is why nuclear fission method is adopted for atomic energy.

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Atomic Energy Center in India

nuclear power plants
nuclear power plants


Nuclear Energy

Importance / characteristics of nuclear power

1. Compensation of energy from immense potential There is a lack of good coal and mineral oil in India. Conversely, nuclear power has immense potential and power, by which the lack of energy can be compensated.

2. Establish nuclear facilities, nuclear power plants can also be built where there are no sources. Therefore, development can be spread far and wide.

3. Multi-use nuclear power can be used in many functions. It is a relatively inexpensive resource.

4. Pollution-free resources Nuclear energy is pollution-free. Thus, fossils are more suitable than fuels.

5. Increase in National Reputation At present, those nations which have developed nuclear power are considered powerful in the world. Nuclear production

Nuclear power effects

While nuclear energy plays an important role in the development of the country, some of its ill effects also emerge. Atomic programs cost a lot of money. Therefore, the use of atomic energy for war or defense can disrupt the development process. In addition, if there is a small mistake or inadvertent leakage in the process of processing nuclear power, there are terrible environmental consequences.

Conservation of nuclear energy

 In the near future, there is a possibility of the end of the fossil fuels. Therefore, in such a situation, its needs can be met by generating energy from nuclear minerals. Urania, in India, has ample reserves of monozite. Therefore, there is a great need for nuclear mineral conservation in India in the future for its utility.

Nuclear Energy

Other non-conventional energy sources in India

1. Solar energy It is obtained from the rays of the sun. It was converted into electrical energy or thermal energy by using PCs. Asia’s largest solar power plant has been set up in Patan in Gujarat, India. Under Jawaharlal Nehru National Mission in India, by the year 2022, 20000 MW solar power generation has been set. 2647 MW of solar is currently being produced.

2. Geothermal energy Under geothermal energy, the energy of geodesy is used for power generation or thermal energy. Such plants are installed near hot water sources. It has possibilities in India in Tatapani (Chhattisgarh), Poog Valley (Jammu and Kashmir) and Chamoli (Uttarakhand) Parvati Valley (Himachal Pradesh). Plants of geothermal energy are being set up at these places.

3. Under this, electricity is generated from it by putting wear wheels on places of air flow throughout the year. India ranks fifth in the world in wind judge production. Currently, wind power generation capacity in India is 11806 MW. Major wind power generation centers in India are in the states of Tamil Nadu (4900 MW), Maharashtra (1945 MW), Gujarat Industries (1580 MW), Karnataka (1350 MW) and Rajasthan (745 MW).

4. Tidal Energy The energy generated by tides is called tidal energy. This energy is harnessed by building a dam in the narrow mouth of the sea. In which sea water gets collected at the time of tide. This rotates the turbine, which generates electricity. There is a possibility of tidal energy in the Gulf of Khambhat in India. 8000 MW tidal power generation capacity is estimated in India.

5. Biogas energy is obtained by converting animal waste such as cow dung into gas. It is also called cow dung. It can be used for cooking and lighting. It has great potential in India, as the largest amount of puff in the world is found in India. India has a capacity to produce 4838 million cubic meters of biogas per year.

6. Energy from urban and industrial waste, under it, energy is obtained from gas generated from municipal waste. Such energy plants have been set up in Delhi and Mumbai.

7. Sea wave energy The country has a capacity of producing 40000 MW by sea waves. A 150 MW sea wave power station has been set up in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

Nuclear Energy

Difference between conventional and non-conventional sources of energy

Difference basisConventional energy sourcesNon-conventional energy sources
TypeTraditional energy sources include charcoal, edible oil, natural gas, etc.Non-conventional sources include geothermal energy, solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy, biogas etc.
Duration of useThis tradition which has been used since ancient timesThis energy source has evolved from recent technological advances.
Update statusThis experiment cannot be renewedIt is a source of energy that can be renewed.
Use areaThe use of these energy sources is widely used.Use of these sources is not widespread.
Environmental pollutionTraditional energy sources are environmentally major pollutantsThis source is clean and environment friendly.

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Importance of energy in the field of industrialization.

After independence, the Five Year Plan was launched for the planned development of the country. These five-year plans set out the authority of the Tribunal of the country. Energy was needed for this industrialization, for which energy resources were developed. Importance of energy for industrialization.

1. Large machines of industries can be run only by energy resources

2. The means of transport to transport goods manufactured in industries are also driven by energy resources.

3. Supply of raw materials to industries is also possible through energy-driven transport modes.

4. The items which are quickly destroyed in the items prepared in the industries are conserved in energy-efficient storage planets.

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Need for conservation of power resources

Preservation of energy and power is limited to the resources currently used, hence these conservation is absolutely necessary.

1. The main resources of power are natural, they have been constructed in millions of millions of years. Therefore, they cannot be rebuilt.

2. The technology to use non-renewable resources is not yet developed enough to replace traditional means. Therefore, preservation of traditional means is necessary.

3. The country’s multi-currency currency is being spent in importing fossil fuels, so they should be conserved for the development of the economy.

4. Most of the traditional sources of energy are pollution, so they should be used in a limited way.

5. Resources of power are one of the most important needs of the present era. They should be protected, so that there is no need to face energy crisis in any way.

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