Congress Partition 1907

Congress Partition 1907

On 27 December 1907, the Congress session began in Surat. In this session, there was a dispute about the post of president. The formation of the liberal leader Ras Bihari Ghosh, while those litigant leader Lala Lajpat Rai, led to the split of the Congress with no agreement on both sides. The liberals led by Gopalkrishna Gokhale and the deputy nationalists under the leadership of Bal Gangadhar Tilak separated from each other. Liberals were more in the Congress. Therefore, he removed the members of the Garam Dal from the Congress, but with the efforts of Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Anne Besant, the Mulayam Dal and Garam Dal merged with the Congress in the 1916 Lucknow session.

Congress Partition 1907

Movements by militant nationalists

The Deputy Nationalists wanted that India should be freed from British rule as soon as possible, to achieve this objective, they started various movements, of which the major movements are details.
1. The Swadeshi movement was the focal point of Bengal national consciousness in the early 20th century, to suppress Lord Curzon announced the partition of Bengal on July 19, 1905 and the partition of Bengal on October 16, 1905. Given. Nationalist leaders launched the Swadeshi and boycott movement in protest against the announcement of the day of 16 October as ‘Day of Mourning’ in Bengal, which gradually spread throughout the country.The main objective of this movement was the promotion of indigenous goods. And to boycott foreign goods, Holi of foreign goods was lit from place to place. Both Hindus and Muslims participated in this movement. The boycott of foreign goods increased the use of indigenous goods and the British government suffered economic losses due to reduced demand for foreign goods.

2. The Home Rule Movement The Home Rule League was first established in Ireland, with the aim of achieving home rule or self-government for Ireland. Impressed by this, Bal Gangadhar Tilak founded the Homerool League on 28 April 1916 in Maharashtra. Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Anne Besant propagated this movement through letters such as Kesari (Marathi), Maratha (English) and New India. this
As a result of the movement, Secretary of India Montescue passed a resolution to this effect in the British Parliament on 20 August 1917, which called for giving responsible governance to India. Hence, it was announced to end the Homerul Movement.

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