Environmental Pollution Impact Factor – pollution definition

Environmental Pollution Impact Factor

Environmental Pollution Impact Factor pollution definition When such changes are made in our scenario keeping in mind only the short term economic benefits at the cost of long term environmental benefits to be accrued to mankind. The plants which have a harmful effect on the animals and humans are called pollution. From pollutants they include … Read more

essay on the environment – How to save the environment essay

essay on the environment

How to save the environment essay Introduction The word environment is formed from two words peri and cover in which peri means around us and the cover that surrounds us all kinds of natural elements which make life equal water air land light fire forest animals Trees etc. all come under the environment, it is … Read more

Objectives of Economic Planning in India

Objectives of Economic Planning in India

Economic planning in India The initial effort towards economic planning was made in the year 1934 by Sir M. Visvesvaraya. After this, many people made efforts in this direction, as a result of which the Bombay Plan in 1944, the Jan Plan in 1945, etc. were presented. Serious efforts in this direction started after independence. … Read more

Training of Civil Servants- Importance of training for public servants

Training of Civil Servants

Training of Civil Servants (Training of IAS) Importance of training for public servants Training of IAS Officers Before independence, the probationary members of the Indian Civil Service were given a general training of one or two years at the four universities of Oxford, Cambridge, London and Dublin. During the Second World War, when there was … Read more

State Secretariat – State Secretariat: organisation and functions UPSC

State Secretariat

‘State Secretariat’ Meaning of State Secretariat Each state has its own secretariat which is the center of the state administration machinery. It consists of several departments of the state government. The political heads of departments are ‘ministers’ and administrative heads are ‘secretaries’. The Chief Secretary is the head of the entire State Secretariat, while the … Read more

Union Public Service Commission – status – functions

Union Public Service Commission

Union Public Service Commission Union Public Service Commission Status Union Public Service Commission is the premier recruiting agency of India. this is a constitutional body. It is constituted by the Indian Constitution. The constitution has detailed provisions relating to the composition of this commission, the appointment and removal of its members, its powers and functions … Read more

Communication – types of communication – communication process 

communication

Communication importance of communication meaning of communication Communication is an important principle of organization and is essential to achieve its objectives. Millett defines communication as “blood flow of an administrative organisation”. According to Pfeiffner, communication is the ‘heart of management’. definition of communication Keith Davis: “Communication is the process of passing and understanding information from … Read more

supervision -Meaning of supervision – Types of supervision

supervision

supervision meaning of supervision From the point of view of the origin of the word, supervision is the sum of two words “parya” and “vekshan” which means – “supervision”. Therefore, the meaning of supervision is- ‘supervision is the supervision of the work of their subordinates by the superiors.’ Supervision includes various activities such as monitoring, … Read more

Delegation – Delegation. Meaning – Types of delegation

Delegation

Delegation. The principle of hierarchy (the school theory) binds the different levels and levels of the organization together through a continuous chain of authority. The essence of this principle is delegation of authority. Delegation. Meaning The following definitions explain the meaning of delegation Mooney: “Delegation means the transfer of specific authority from higher to lower … Read more

Centralization and Decentralization

Centralization and Decentralization

Centralization and Decentralization Centralization and Decentralization  (Meaning) Centralization means the concentration of authority at the highest level of the administrative system. On the other hand, decentralization means the diffusion of authority at the lower levels of the administrative system. Thus, the issue of centralization versus (vs) decentralization revolves around the domain of decision-making in the … Read more

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